Either… or is a correlative conjunction.We use either … or for connect things which are the same types, phrases, clauses or words. This tells us about two negative ideas, but it's quite formal. Determiners also point to who owns an object or point to the item itself. You'll also get three bonus ebooks completely free. We use it to say ‘not either’ in relation to two things. For example, either way, neither here nor there and neither one thing nor the other. OR I like neither Stephen nor Peter. Treat a pairing like either/or or neither/nor as singular if the elements are singular, but treat the pairing as plural if one of the elements is plural. It's more normal just to use 'not + or'. “I’m not angry and I’m not upset.”). It often makes sense to have a sentence without the word “either”, such as: The boys or the girls have hidden the sweets. He neither came nor called. For example, they can be used as adverbs, determiners, pronouns or conjunctions. Duolingo vs Babbel: Which should you use to learn a language? He didn’t remember and neither did I. 3. ''Neither, nor'' are the opposite of ''both, and'' but the verb must be positive. I feel that “He didn’t run, nor did he walk” is perfectly acceptable, grammatically speaking, is it not? Either - neither - both: worksheets pdf, handouts, printable exercises. The main difference between these two pairs of words is that either & or are used when you are faced with a positive decision about what you will do (“I will do either this or that”), while neither & nor are used when you are faced with a negative decision and are describing things you won’t do (“I will do neither this nor that”). All Right Reserved. are used as conjunctions, they are used together with the words. Now, I'm calmer when I take part in large meetings with other managers ... Have you had difficulty using either/neither and or/nor? 5. Either refers to any one of the two things or people. Example Sentences. Complete the sentence with or, nor, either…or, neither…nor or verb agreement. As a pronoun, it indicates not one or the other. Neither, on the other hand, is used as a determiner, pronoun and an adverb. Neither the van nor the car is fast enough. has a positive connotation (adding an appraisal to the primary meaning). “Either or” vs “Neither nor” Either/or. Either refers to any one of the two things or people. along with the relevant grammar rules and some example sentences. It's more normal just to use 'not + or'. Treat a pairing like either/or or neither/nor as singular if the elements are singular, but treat the pairing as plural if one of the elements is plural. However, you can’t omit “neither” from a sentence – the “nor” can’t stand on its own. If you want to avoid that, consider rewriting the sentence (e.g. If you’re writing for a particularly formal publication, though, you might want to stick to just two items when you’re using “either … or” or “neither … nor”. While 'either' has a positive connotation, 'neither' holds a negative significance. Neither goes before singular countable nouns. Neither / nor - used in a sentence in the negative sense when you want to say that two or more things are not true Select the response from the list that best completes the sentence. Here’s an example:“I fear man nor beast!” Jay proclaimed as Frank stared at the python coiled on the branch over his head. Also, either is used as a conjunction , adverb , determiner and a pronoun . neither/nor – Когда они в паре — они отрицают обе части утверждения. ; We use either/or for connecting things which are the same types, phrases, clauses or words. We could use either blue paint or red paint. Certified Canadian English tutor with 10 years of experience and a Master's in Applied Linguistics. Neither, neither … nor and not … either — English Grammar Today — ein Nachschlagewerk für geschriebene und gesprochene englische Grammatik und Sprachgebrauch — Cambridge Dictionary You don’t like apples. If you want to present two alternatives that are essentially the same thing, use a single noun combined with "either" or "neither." Grammarians differ on this point, but there’s a long history of both “either … or” and “neither … nor” being used for three or more items. Examples •Neither Mark nor … Define neither ... nor. Huddleston and Pullum give these examples: “either Kim, Pat, or Alex” and “neither kind, handsome, nor rich.” Standard dictionaries generally accept the use of “either” or “neither” to introduce a series of more than two items. Either and neither can be used in several ways: adverbs, determiners, pronouns and conjunctions. Neither is also singular. Neither makes a negative statement about two people or things. either= A or B (one thing/person or the other thing/person). Or have you finally figured it out? If so, don’t worry – you’re not alone: these two pairs of words can be tricky to use and can be a difficult part of learning English . Either and neither used on their own can also mean 'one or the other', 'whichever of the two' / 'not this one and not the other one', or 'not one of the two': There are boats on either side of … Very Patient, Relevant and culturally aware with a lot of International Experience, Certified English teacher with over 10 years experience. There is a different convention called the Proximity Rule. Neither the radiator nor the water pump leaked. Let’s look at how to use these words in English correctly. Example Sentences: You add either one or two cloves of garlic. Neither 9. And while. Either coffee or tea is fine. Neither …nor. Either/or – used together to offer a choice between two things. In informal usage, more than two possibilities are sometimes presented, but this is generally avoided in formal writing. neither, nor; nor, nor; In positive sentences you can use ''neither, nor'' to talk about two things. You will improve your English in only 5 minutes per day, guaranteed! You can find a tutor here. First of all, either and neither can be used in various ways. Just as “either” can stand by itself as a pronoun, so can “neither.” Neither of the desserts seemed very appealing. – when they are used together, they negate both parts of the statement. Neither the forwards nor the scrumhalf, all of whom were within 10 metres of the tackle, nor the crowd appealed for a foul. In all instances where either and neither are used as pronouns, the sentence structure will be as follows: After either/neither comes of + noun phrase. How to Use Neither. Just as “either” can stand by itself as a pronoun, so can “neither.” Neither of the desserts seemed very appealing. _____ Sue _____ Sara will help you with your homework. Can You Use “Either … Or ” and “Neither … Nor” With More ThAT Two Items? When it comes to movies, I like neither comedies nor romances. These are … (Wrong. Neither / nor 2. either 3. either 4. nor 5. 6. Other English exercises on the same topic : Agreement/Disagreement:Both, so do I, neither do I | All our lessons and exercises When using either/or and neither/nor, be sure to maintain subject-verb agreement. She prefers the countryside. Determiners also point to who owns an object or point to the item itself. Neither can be pronounced /ˈnaɪðə (r)/ or /ˈni:ðə (r)/. The words either, neither, and both are all used to talk about how two objects relate to each other. 2. End of the free exercise to learn English: Either or/neither nor A free English exercise to learn English. Here are 7 powerful reasons to try online tutoring, Guide to Business English Negotiation: Preparation, Vocabulary & Phrases, English for the Call Center: How to Improve Your Language Skills, English for Business Communication: Best Courses & How to Improve, Business English Films: 3 Movies That will Help You Learn Business English. The view at the top of mountain was neither spectacular nor very visible. Have you had difficulty using either/neither and or/nor? Compare your responses to the feedback by clicking the "Check" or "Check 1-10" button. Neither of them invited me so I didn’t go. The first two items in the quick rules of thumb seem incomplete…? Do you still have doubts about how to use these phrases? We can also use 'neither + noun + nor + noun'. Grammarians differ on this point, but there’s a long history of both “either … or” and “neither … nor” being used for three or more items. 10. Neither 10. either 11. He wasn’t wearing either a shirt or a coat. Well, I think she’s either Russian or Polish. The view at the top of mountain was neither spectacular nor very visible. My friend’s car is neither green nor brown. Is… or, neither… correlative coordinators (Huddleston 15 2.3) Nor… “don`t press one or the other.” The two are not 2 There is no coordinator (connective) that needs an additional verb holder when placed at the beginning of the clause. end. Neither 14. or 15. either Grammar Note: (From the American Copy Editors Society) A tricky agreement problem: Neither-nor When two subjects are joined by neither-nor or either-or, choosing the right 5. both / either / neither + noun We can use both/either/neither + noun I am an English native speaker and love English so much that I studied it at degree level. Neither 6. or 7. neither / nor 8. However, using “neither … nor” can sound unduly formal or even a little archaic. Neither will the workers go off strike, nor negotiate until they receive a higher pay. Neither is also singular. I don’t like either Stephen or Peter. (It is quite harsh to mark this as wrong, but grouping three things is an unpopular practice.) 5. John didn’t pass the test, and Peter didn’t either. The sentence should be rewritten as I’m neither angry nor upset. He either keeps the keys himself or leaves them with his wife. )“I fear neither man nor beast!” Jay proclaimed as Frank stared at the python coiled on the … As an adjective, it indicates not one or the other, none of the two. They can either have breakfast or have a shower. When they act as pronouns, either means “one or the other,” while neither means “not one or the other.”. Boost your business English skills in 6 days. Got enough negatives in there for you? Neither allows us to make a negative statement about two people or things at the same time. For example, see the following sentences: In instances where either and neither are used as determiners (giving additional information about the subject without describing it. Improve your language skills with the latest articles, delivered weekly. For example, they can be used as adverbs, determiners, pronouns or conjunctions. Here’s how those work: You can choose either cereal or toast for your breakfast. He neither came nor called. After years of only using ... For my new job, I needed to be able to bring more nuance to my conversations. Hello, everyone! Here’s what you need to know: If the alternatives presented are both singular, then use a singular verb, like this: Either James or Mary has hidden the sweets. I like neither coffee nor … Neither makes a negative statement about two people or things. are used as pronouns, the sentence structure will be as follows: Both these roads go to Rome so that you can go. Define neither ... nor. If studying on your own is not yielding the results you’d like, you can always ask an experienced teacher or a native English speaker. – used together to offer a choice between two things. (neither …nor is also used to refer to two things or people) Here are some examples: Neither Sarah nor Peter was to blame for the mistake. For example: Both these roads go to Rome so that you can go either way. (if the verb is negative, use either, or.) neither…nor gives a negative meaning to verbs. We can either eat now or after the show - it's up to you. are used as determiners (giving additional information about the subject without describing it. They will be glad to help you with your questions and walk you through practical applications of, Using Either, Neither, Nor, and Or in English (+Examples), Case study: I Improved My English to Work for a Startup, “I learned my partner’s language for love — and you can too”, Case Study: How I Learned to Speak English in 6 Months, Case study: How Preply’s English classes helped me relocate to New York, Guide to Symbols in English: List + How to Use Them, Present Tense in English: What It Is, How to Use It & Examples, 8 Rules for Using the Article The in English, Between vs. both, either, neither – grammar chart . has a negative connotation. You will always find them paired up this way: either/or and neither/nor. 1. Either is singular. My name is Carol and I am one of the English teachers on Preply. I don't like coffee or tea. This video covers how to use either/or, neither/nor, and both/and. If you’re presenting two alternatives, you’ll often use an “either … or” or a “neither … nor” construction. 4. Either example: "You can choose either kitten." Neither 14. or 15. either Grammar Note: (From the American Copy Editors Society) A tricky agreement problem: Neither-nor When two subjects are joined by neither-nor or either-or, choosing the right If one or both of the alternatives are plural, use a plural verb: Either the boys or the girls have hidden the sweets. Neither will the workers go off strike, nor negotiate until they receive a higher pay. Using Either …or. How do these word pairs change the meaning of a sentence? Neither / nor 2. either 3. either 4. nor 5. 1. I like being able to share my passion with the subject with others. Sarah liked neither Rome nor Paris. I like neither coffee nor … Get our free English language course and take your career to the next level! There is neither bread, milk, nor jam. 1.Either / or - used in a sentence in the affirmative sense when referring to a choice between two possibilities. When they act as pronouns, either means “one or the other,” while neither means “not one or the other.”. Neither is used in the negative sense, when you’re presenting things that aren’t true or valid. He will neither come here nor send a representative. 2. You will always see these words together, and in this order: In this English lesson we’ll walk through the various ways of using these words. Neither / nor 12. either / or 13. – Либо мама, либо папа приедет за тобой. They are both busy at the moment. I can definitely see the progress. I am neither a conservative nor a liberal. Place "either" or "neither" immediately in front of the noun it modifies. If so, don’t worry – you’re not alone: these two pairs of words can be tricky to use and can be a difficult part of, can be used in various ways. In this English lesson we’ll walk through the various ways of using these words, along with the relevant grammar rules and some example sentences. And while either has a positive connotation (adding an appraisal to the primary meaning), neither has a negative connotation. Either he or his wife may attend the function. 6. Here are some quick rules of thumb to remember about “either … or” and “neither … nor”: Want to improve your English in five minutes a day? 11. When it comes to movies, I like neither comedies nor romances. You may well have come across sentences like these: This isn’t grammatically correct. Either-or and neither-nor with more than two alternatives Use an either-or formulation to present two possibilities. 9. It is possible to find examples in print or on the web where these words are comparing many alternatives, but this should be avoided whenever possible. And back entrance. ) ( the mother didn ’ t turn up and neither..... 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Articles, delivered weekly and I ’ m neither angry nor upset, contact me my. The cars are fast enough then both either and neither... either or neither nor pronunciation, neither... pronunciation! Pass the test, and my colleagues give me feedback about my improvement should on... English grammar Reading: Why Reading is Such an Important English language Skill, Learning from your either or neither nor. Phrases, clauses or words neither/nor – Когда они в паре — они отрицают обе части.. Pronouns Follow `` either '' and a pronoun, and also be makes! Neither= not a and not neither …nor pronunciation, neither... nor ''. Used to talk about how to use 'not + or ' the location, nor negotiate until receive! As a determiner, pronoun, and adjective ), neither... nor,! Start receiving our writing tips and exercises daily first two items in the affirmative sense when referring a! Our archives with 800+ interactive exercises results, Learning from your kitchen table at me as pronouns the... Nor '' are the same types, phrases, clauses or words ’ s look how... For connect things which are the same types, phrases, clauses or words either or neither nor.

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